Evidence-Based Medicine Resource List: Humerus

These articles have been recommended as excellent sources of educational information. The permission of each varies.  


  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Surgical Techniques: Distal Humerus Fractures Author: Jeffrey Anglen, MD Journal: JAAOS Volume: Vol. 13, No. 5, Sept 2005, pp 291-297
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Articular Fractures of the Distal Part of the Humerus Author: David Ring, Jesse B. Jupiter and Lawrence Gulotta Journal: JBJS Volume: Vol. 85-A, No. 2, Feb 2003, pp 232-238
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Coronal Shear Fractures of the Distal End of the Humerus Author: Michael D. McKee, Jesse B. Jupiter and H. Brent Bamberger Journal: JBJS Volume: Vol. 78-A, No. 1, January 1996, pp 49-54
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Distal Humeral Fractures Treated with Noncustom Total Elbow Replacement Author: S. Kamineni and Bernard F. Morrey Journal: JBJS Volume: Vol. 87-A, Supp 1, Part 1, March 2005, pp 41-50
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Internal Fixation Versus Arthroplasty of Comminuted Fractures of the Distal Humerus Author: William T. Obremskey, Mohit Bhandari, Douglas R. Dirschl, and Emil Shemitsch Journal: JOT Volume: Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 463–465, 2003
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Olecranon Osteotomy for Exposure of Fractures and Nonunions of the Distal Humerus  Author: David Ring, MD,* Lawrence Gulotta, BA,* Kingsley Chin, MD,† and Jesse B. Jupiter, MD* Journal: JOT Volume: Vol. 18, No. 7, Aug 2004, pp 446-449
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Open Reduction And Internal Fixation Versus Total Elbow Arthroplasty For The Treatment Of Geriatric Distal Humerus Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.   Author: Githens M, Yao J, Sox AH, Bishop J.   J Orthop Trauma.  2013 Dec 26. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial of Open Reduction-Internal Fixation Versus Total Elbow Stark for Displaced Intra-Articular Distal Humeral Fractures in Elderly Patients.  Author: J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2009;18(1):3-12.McKee MD, Veillette CJ, Hall JA, et al.
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Surgical Treatment of Intra-Articular Fractures of the Distal Part of the Humerus. Functional Outcome After Twelve to Thirty Years.   Author: Doornberg JN, van Duijn PJ, Linzel D, et al.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89(7):1524-1532.
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Open Reduction And Internal Fixation Versus Total Elbow Arthroplasty For The Treatment Of GeriatricDistal Humerus Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Author: Githens M, Yao J, Sox AH, Bishop J.   J Orthop Trauma. 2013 Dec 26.
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Dual Plating for Fractures of the Distal Third of the Humeral Shaft.
    Author: Prasarn ML, Ahn J, Paul O, Morris EM, Kalandiak SP, Helfet DL, Lorich DG.
    J Orthop Trauma. 2011 Jan;25(1):57-63.
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: A Clinical Comparison of Two Different Double Plating Methods for Intraarticular Distal Humerus Fractures.  Author: Shin SJ, Sohn HS, Do NH.  J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Jan; 19(1):2-9.
  • Humerus (Distal) Article: Extra-Articular Distal-Third Diaphyseal Fractures of the Humerus. A Comparison of Functional Bracing and Plate Fixation.   Author: Jawa A, McCarty P, Doornberg J, Harris M, Ring D.J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Nov;88(11):2343-7.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Compression Plating Versus Intramedullary Fixation of Humeral Shaft Fractures Author: Paul R. Gregory, MD, and Roy W. Sanders, MD Journal: JAAOS Volume: Vol. 5, No. 4, July/Aug 1997, pp 215-223
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Surgical Exposures of the Humerus Author: Dan A. Zlotolow, MD, Louis W. Catalano III, MD, O. Alton Barron, MD, Steven Z. Glickel, MD Journal: JAAOS Volume: Vol. 14, No. 13, Dec 2006, pp 754-765
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Functional Bracing for the Treatment of Fractures of the Humeral Diaphysis Author: A. Sarmiento, J. B. Zagorski, G. A. Zych, L. L. Latta & C. A. Capps Journal: JBJS Volume: Vol. 82-A, No. 4, April 2000, pp 478-486
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Randomized Prospective Study of Humeral Shaft Fracture Fixation: Intramedullary Nails Versus Plates  Author: Chapman, Jens R.; Henley, M. Bradford; Agel, Julie; Benca, Paul J.* Journal: JOT Volume: Vol. 14, No. 3, March/April 2000, pp 162-166
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Lateral Approach to the Humeral Shaft: An Alternative Approach for Fracture Treatment Author: Mills, William J.; Hanel, Douglas P.; Smith, Douglas G. Journal: JOT Volume: Vol. 10, No. 2, Feb 1996, pp 81-86
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Outcome after Closed Functional Treatment of Humeral Shaft FracturesAuthor: Radford Ekholm, MD,* Jan Tidermark, MD, PhD,* Hans To¨rnkvist, MD, PhD,* Johanna Adami, MD, PhD,† and Sari Ponzer, MD, PhD* Journal: JOT Volume: Vol. 20, No. 9, Oct 2006, pp 591-596
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Effect of Immediate Weightbearing on Plated Fractures of the Humeral Shaft Author: Edwin M. Tingstad, MD, Philip R. Wolinsky, MD, Yu Shyr, PhD, and Kenneth D. Johnson, MD Journal: TRAUMA Volume: Vol. 49, No. 2, Aug 2000, pp 278-280
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Functional Bracing of Fractures of the Shaft of the Humerus.   Author: Sarmiento A, Kinman PB, Galvin EG, Schmitt RH, Phillips JG.    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1977 Jul;59(5):596-601.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Fractures of the Shaft of the Humerus.
    Author: Klenerman L.   J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1966 Feb;48(1):105-11.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Risk Factors for Fracture Mobility Six Weeks After Initiation of Brace Treatment of Mid-Diaphyseal Humeral Fractures.   Author: Neuhaus V, Menendez M, Kurylo JC, Dyer GS, Jawa A, Ring D
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Mar 5;96(5):403-7.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Plate Versus Intramedullary Nail Fixation in the Treatment of Humeral Shaft Fractures: An Updated Meta-Analysis Author: Ouyang H, Xiong J, Xiang P, Cui Z, Chen L, Yu B.J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013 Mar;22(3):387-95.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Alternative Operative Exposures of the Posterior Aspect of the Humeral Diaphysis with Reference to the Radial Nerve. Author: Gerwin M, Hotchkiss RN, Weiland AJ.    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1996; 78(11):1690-5.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Surgical Versus Non-Surgical Interventions for Treating Humeral Shaft Fractures in Adults.   Author: Gosler MW, Testroote M, Morrenhof JW, Janzing HM.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jan 18;1:
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: A Method to Localize the Radial Nerve Using the 'Apex of Triceps Aponeurosis' as a Landmark.   Author: Arora S, Goel N, Cheema GS, Batra S, Maini L.      Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Sep;469(9):2638-44.
  • Humerus (Shaft) Article: Radial Nerve Palsy Associated with Fractures of the Shaft of the Humerus: A Systematic Review. Author: Shao YC, Harwood P, Grotz MR, Limb D, Giannoudis PV.J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Dec;87(12):1647-52.
  • Humerus (Pediatric Supracondylar Fracture) Article: Natural History of Unreduced Gartland Type-II Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus in Children: A Two to Thirteen-Year Follow-up Study.
    Author: Moraleda L, Valencia M, Barco R, González-Moran G.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Jan 2;95(1):28-34.
  • Humerus (Pediatric Supracondylar Fracture) Article: Type II Supracondylar Humerus Fractures: Can Some be Treated Nonoperatively?     Author: Spencer HT, Dorey FJ, Zionts LE, Dichter DH, Wong MA, Moazzaz P, Silva M.
    J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Oct-Nov; 32(7)
  • Humerus (Pediatric Supracondylar Fracture) Article: Supracondylar Humeral Fractures in Children: Beware the Medial Spike.   Author: Lim KB, Lim CT, Tawng DK    Bone Joint J. 2013 Sep; 95-B(9):1290-4.

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